Which Theorist Described Dreams as having Manifest and Latent Content
Freud is a psychologist who has been described as the father of psychoanalysis. He was also the first to describe dreams in which there were two levels of content: manifest and latent. Freud believed that what we see in our dreams are symbols for desires, which come from the unconscious mind. Dreams can be used to uncover repressed thoughts which he called “the return of forgotten memories.” Before we dig into the big question – Which Theorist Described Dreams as having Manifest and Latent Content? We need to dive into some history…
Who was Sigmund Freud?
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) was a psychologist and the founder of psychoanalysis. He argued that dreams have two levels of content:
- manifest, which is what we can remember
- latent, which includes hidden desires
Freud also believed that people who suffer from mental illness are often not aware they are ill because it is their ego which defends them against it. His most famous work on this subject is The Interpretation of Dreams.
What did Sigmund Freud believe about dreams?
Freud described dreams as having complex layers or levels, with one level revealing something else in a more symbolic way.
Each dream needs to be interpreted.
How did Sigmund Freud view the Human Psyche?
Freud viewed the human mind as composed of three parts or divisions called id, ego and superego with some interaction among these components but each primarily devoted to satisfying a specific need for something in particular. Their interactions create conflict which creates anxiety within and can lead to conflicts.
Understanding this, we can see the importance of sleep which prevents this anxiety, which is why we need to pay attention to our dreams.
What is Freudian analysis?
This school of psychology sees all events and happenings as having unconscious desires which are revealed through symbols in art or language. It can be used on oneself or others for therapy purposes but it also looks at how these conflicts come about with close examination of past experiences and current feelings (rather than focusing solely on present ones). In other words, psychoanalysis focuses primarily on understanding what causes a problem rather than just treating its symptoms by removing them from one’s life entirely.
What does Sigmund Freud mean when he says that dreaming “is the royal road” into the psyche?
Freud believed there is a much deeper meaning to our dreams and that they represent all of the suppressed memories which are not currently on our conscious mind. Freud called this latent content and he believed that it was important to work with a psychoanalyst if you wanted to understand your dreams properly as “dreams which are only remembered need interpretation.”
Freud also says, in his 1913 paper On Beginning Treatment:
“In other words, psychoanalysis focuses primarily on understanding what causes a problem rather than just treating its symptoms by removing them from one’s life entirely”
which means that there is more to an individual than their current problems or issues. It must be noted though, after these deep-rooted conflicts have been identified then some form of treatment will take place (which may involve removal) so it isn’t simply a case of observing the issue, it is also a case of resolving it.
Theorist which describes dreams as having manifest and latent content: Sigmund Freud
Sigmund Freud’s theory of dreams having manifest and latent content: which is also called the dream work, which involves distinguishing between what we experience as dreams in our sleep and the hidden meaning that can be extracted from them.
The manifest content of a dream refers to all aspects which are easily remembered upon waking up such as images, sensations and thoughts which were experienced while asleep. The latent content on the other hand would include all those more difficult to recall elements which need some form of interpretation in order for their true meaning to become clear (which may involve associating with events or symbols from earlier during the day).
Freud believed that this method could uncover deep-rooted conflicts within one’s psyche due it being an unconscious process – where memories which have been thought suppressed or forgotten come into play.
What is the difference between Manifest Content vs Latent Content in Dreams?
The “latent” material includes thoughts, memories, wishes, desires which are not conscious during sleep but can be remembered when awakened from the dream state. This would include anything which may have been repressed or pushed down by other events in one’s life to make room for new experiences. These are often deep-rooted conflicts which lie hidden beneath the surface – they exist outside of consciousness.
How can we interpret our own dreams?
Interpretation of dreams varies which theorist you speak to. Freud believes that latent content is the cause and manifest content is the result, which can be seen in his expert opinion on dream interpretation as “the royal road” to understanding unconscious desires which are necessary for patients’ recovery.
In contrast, Jung’s theory says that both manifest and latent contents have equal importance; he said that just because a person may not remember their whole dream doesn’t mean they should discount it entirely without considering what has been remembered.